Quran Errors – Is intercession allowed?

Surah 2:254. O ye who believe! Spend out of (the bounties) We have provided for you, before the Day comes when no bargaining (Will avail), nor friendship nor intercession. Those who reject Faith they are the wrong-doers

[254] Hai orang-orang yang beriman, belanjakanlah (di jalan Allah) sebagian dari rezeki yang telah Kami berikan kepadamu sebelum datang hari yang pada hari itu tidak ada lagi jual beli dan tidak ada lagi persahabatan yang akrab dan tidak ada lagi syafaat. Dan orang-orang kafir itulah orang-orang yang lalim.

See also Surah 2:48, 123; 39:44; 6:51,70; 31:4

Other verses, however, say that intercession is possible.

“None shall have the power of intercession but such a one as has received permission (or promise) from (Allah) Most Gracious.” Surah 19:87

[87] Mereka tidak berhak mendapat syafaat kecuali orang yang telah mengadakan perjanjian di sisi Tuhan Yang Maha Pemurah.

Other verses – Surah 10:3; 20:109, 21:28; 34:23; 53:26

Muslim response

Some Muslims believe that intercession is not allowed UNTIL the last day (i.e. Day of Judgment).

Christian response

There are verses that show intercession in NOT ALLOWED on the Day of Judgment and verses to show that it is ALLOWED.

What about the hadiths? What does it teach about intercession?

The hadiths state that Muhammad is unable to intercede for his followers.

Sahih Bukkhari Volume 4, Book 51, Number 16:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

When Allah revealed the Verse: “Warn your nearest kinsmen,” Allah’s Apostle got up and said, “O people of Quraish (or said similar words)! Buy (i.e. save) yourselves (from the Hellfire) as I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment; O Bani Abd Manaf! I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment, O Safiya, the Aunt of Allah’s Apostle! I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment; O Fatima bint Muhammad! Ask me anything from my wealth, but I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment.”

This contradiction in the Quran has brought about differing views within Muslims.

Many Muslims believed that Muhammad will interceed for them on the day of judgment. However, there are also others who view this as shirk (idolatry)

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever after listening to the Adhan says, ‘Allahumma Rabba hadhihi-d-da’ watit-tammati was-salatil qa’imati, ati Muhammadan al-wasilata wal-fadilata, wab’ athhu maqaman mahmudan-il-ladhi wa’ adtahu (O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (of not ascribing partners to You) and of the regular prayer which is going to be established! Kindly give Muhammad the right of intercession and superiority and send him (on the Day of Judgment) to the best and the highest place in Paradise which You promised him)’, then intercession for me will be permitted for him on the Day of Resurrection”). (Sahih Bukhari 1.588, also Sahih Bukhari 2.553)

On the other hand, there are others like the Khalifites who do not believe in intercession. They argue that intercession belongs only to God (az-Zumar 39:44), on the Last Day there will be no intercession, (al-Baqarah 2:254), that the prophets cannot intercede except on behalf of those already saved by God (al-Anbiya’ 21:28), that the prophets themselves worry about their own fate. See also al-Baqarah 2:48,123; al-An`am 6:51,70,94; al-A`raf 7:53; at-Taubah 9:80,114; Yunus 10:3; Hud 11:46; al-Lahab 111:1-3. They argued that since neither Noah, Abraham nor Muhammed could intercede on the behalf of their own loved ones, how could Muhammad intercede for others.

al-Baqarah 2:48,123; al-An`am 6:51,70,95; Yunus 10:4,19; Saba’ 34:23; az-Zumar 39:43; an-Najm 53:26